Social justice issues occur globally, nationally, regionally, locally, and within groups. These issues are a result of unequal wealth and resource distribution, unfair treatment of individuals with differing triats (race, culture, sextual orientation, religion, etc), and laws that support segregation.
Social justice issues can be delineated into two categories, although they are often co-dependent: Inter-Social Treatment and Unequal Government Regulation.
Inter-Social Treatment- this involves treatment of a group(s) of people within the local and regional scale. The basis for this unequal treatment is usually due to a personal belief about that group(s):
Unequal Government Regulation- this involves laws and regulations that purposefully or otherwise, discriminate a group(s) from the same opportunities and resources based on differences that are unique to that group(s):
See Social Inequality for further characterization of these two categories.